It is hard to imagine a person’s life and everyday life without the use of paper, especially in the packaging of goods. The first paper production in the history of Latvia has been mentioned in the 16th century. Up to the middle of the 19th century, 19 paper mills were operating in Latvia.
The main raw material for paper is wood. For a tree to be used in paper production, it takes 15-20 years for the plant to grow to the required raw material. Interestingly, the properties of the paper are heavily dependent on the materials used, such as chalk protecting the paper from aging. Today there are up to 600 types of paper – from hard and heavy cardboard to light and airy silk paper.
Cardboard is a type of paper that is not only thicker, but also denser than ordinary paper.
The first and foremost task of each package is to solve the functions necessary for the preservation, packaging, transportation and easy use of the product. More and more attention is paid to the choice of material and design, printing is becoming more and more valuable and colors that are less harmful to the environment are used or colors are used less, which means that less harmful substances will be released into the environment during packaging production.
The technology used to produce ECO products is more environmentally friendly than in conventional paper production. The new production technology allows up to 90% raw material – wood, which is 2x more than traditional paper production technology, which uses only 45% of wood in a rational way. In addition, eco-paper production also consumes significantly less water, chemicals and fossil fuels, thus significantly reducing environmental damage.
ECO products also include products from the secondary production. Recycled paper is used for making various everyday paper products – cardboard boxes, wrapping paper, printing paper, envelopes, etc.
Plastic is a material that is usually synthetically, rarely, chemically produced from polymers. Dyestuffs – various organic or inorganic pigments that do not decompose at the plastic production temperature – are added to plastics to obtain the desired color. Plastic is divided into 4 types – thermoplastic, thermosetting, bio and oxy – in distributable plastic.
Plastics are used for the production of various household items, packaging materials and technical products. The main raw materials used in the production of plastics are oil and natural gas.
Plastic is used as primary packaging – bags, bottles, dishes, pallets, etc., as secondary packaging – production units for joint packaging as transport packaging – boxes, containers, pallets, film for cargo fastening and to make various packaging aids: cork, lids, adhesive tapes, cargo securing tapes.